Preview

Контуры глобальных трансформаций: политика, экономика, право

Расширенный поиск

Источники легитимности в глобальном управлении

https://doi.org/10.23932/2542-0240-2019-12-3-47-76

Полный текст:

Аннотация

В статье исследуется, как в поисках нового глобального порядка глобальное управление может приобрести большую социологическую легитимность. Каковы источники легитимности глобального управления? Иными словами, какие условия порождают доверие и уверенность в авторитетах мирового масштаба? Для изучения этого вопроса в статье сначала рассматривается общая концепция легитимности применительно к глобальному регулированию. После этого в рамках обсуждения по трем основным направлениям рассматривается широкий круг возможных движущих сил легитимности глобального управления. Во-первых, некоторые из этих источников носят институциональный характер и связаны с особенностями глобальных регулирующих организаций, такими как их процедурные вклады и результаты их деятельности. Во-вторых, другие источники легитимности являются индивидуальными, связанными с характеристиками субъектов глобального управления, такими как их ориентация на идентичность и уровень социального доверия. В-третьих, дополнительные источники легитимности в глобальном управлении – социальные, связанные с общими упорядочивающими моделями мировой политики, такими как господствующие нормы, капитализм и гегемонистское государство. Статья завершается призывом к исследователям отказаться от прежних привычек рассматривать институциональные, индивидуальные и социальные источники легитимности отдельно и изолированно друг от друга. Вместо этого легитимность глобального управления может быть более полно понята и более эффективно воплощена на практике, если рассматривать эти разнородные силы вместе и с точки зрения их взаимного устройства.

Об авторе

Я. А. Схолте
University of Sussex, University of Gothenburg, University of Duisburg-Essen
Великобритания

доктор философии                                                                           Брайтон BN1 9RH, Великобритания;
профессор, Peace and Development, School of Global Studies                 Box 700, 405 30 Гётеборг, Швеция;
содиректор, Centre for Global Cooperation Research                 Schifferstraße 44, 47059 Дуйсбург, Германия



Список литературы

1. Agné H., Söderbaum F. (2019) Costs of Legitimacy. Paper presented at the Workshop ‘Legitimacy in Global Governance’, University of Toronto, 26 March.

2. Agnew J. (2005) Hegemony: The New Shape of Global Power, Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

3. Ahmed S. (2014) The Cultural Politics of Emotion, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

4. Anderson B., Bernauer T., Kachi A. (2018) Does International Pooling of Authority Affect the Perceived Legitimacy of Global Governance? Review of International Organizations, pp. 1–23. DOI: 10.1007/s11558-018-9341-4

5. Anderson C.J., Reichert M.S. (1995) Economic Benefits and Support for Membership in the EU: A Cross-National Analysis. Journal of Public Policy, vol. 15, no 3, pp. 231–249. DOI: 10.1017/S0143814X00010035

6. Archibugi D., Koenig-Archibugi M., Marchetti R. (eds.) (2012) Global Democracy: Normative and Empirical Perspectives, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

7. Arendt H. (1956) Authority in the Twentieth Century. Review of Politics, vol. 18, no 4, pp. 403–417. DOI: 10.1017/S0034670500009773

8. Armingeon K., Ceka B. (2014) The Loss of Trust in the European Union during the Great Recession since 2007: The Role of Heuristics from the National Political System. European Union Politics, vol. 15, no 1, pp. 82–107. DOI: 10.1177/1465116513495595

9. Bandy J., Smith J. (eds.) (2005) Coalitions across Borders: Transnational Protest and the Neoliberal Order, Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. Barker R. (1990) Political Legitimacy and the State, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

10. Barnett M. (2013) Humanitarian Governance. Annual Review of Political Science, vol. 16, pp. 379–398. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-polisci-012512-083711

11. Barnett M., Finnemore M. (2004) Rules for the World: International Organizations in Global Politics, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

12. Beetham D. (2013) The Legitimation of Power, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Bell D.S.A. (2002) Language, Legitimacy, and the Project of Critique. Alternatives, vol. 27, no 3, pp. 327–350. DOI: 10.1177/030437540202700303

13. Bernauer T., Gampfer R. (2013) Effects of Civil Society Involvement on Popular Legitimacy of Global Environmental Governance. Global Environmental Change, vol. 23, no 2, pp. 439–449. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2013.01.001

14. Bernauer T., Mohrenberg S., Koubi V. (2016) How Relevant Are Input and Output Performance in International Environmental Governance? Zurich: National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) Challenges to Democracy in the 21st Century, Working Paper No. 94.

15. Bernstein S. (2001) The Compromise of Liberal Environmentalism, New York: Columbia University Press.

16. Bernstein S. (2011) Legitimacy in Intergovernmental and Non-State Global Governance. Review of International Political Economy, vol. 18, no 1, pp. 17–51. DOI: 10.1080/09692290903173087

17. Bernstein S., Cashore B. (2007) Can Non-State Global Governance Be Legitimate? An Analytical Framework. Regulation and Governance, vol. 1, no 4, pp. 347–371. DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-5991.2007.00021.x

18. Bexell M., Jönsson K. (2018) Audiences of (De)Legitimation in Global Governance. Legitimacy in Global Governance: Sources, Processes, and Consequences (eds. Tallberg J., Bäckstrand K., Scholte J.A.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 119–133.

19. Bieler A., Bonefeld W., Burnham P., Morton A.D. (2006) Global Restructuring, State, Capital and Labour: Contesting Neo-Gramscian Perspectives, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

20. Binder M., Heupel M. (2015) The Legitimacy of the UN Security Council: Evidence from Recent General Assembly Debates. International Studies Quarterly, vol. 59, no 2, pp. 238–250. DOI: 10.1111/isqu.12134

21. Bodansky D.M. (1999) The Legitimacy of International Governance: A Coming Challenge for International Environmental Law? American Journal of International Law, vol. 93, no 3, pp. 596–624. DOI: 10.2307/2555262

22. Bonditti P., Bigo D., Gros F. (eds.) (2017) Foucault and the Modern International: Silences and Legacies for the Study of World Politics, New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

23. Brassett J. (2018) Affective Politics of the Global Event: Trauma and the Resilient Market Subject, Abingdon: Routledge.

24. Brassett J., Tsingou E. (2011) The Politics of Legitimate Global Governance. Review of International Political Economy, vol. 18, no 1, pp. 1–16. DOI: 10.1080/09692290.2010.495297

25. Buchanan A., Keohane R.O. (2006) The Legitimacy of Global Governance Institutions. Ethics & International Affairs, vol. 20, no 4, pp. 405–437. DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-7093.2006.00043.x

26. Büthe T., Mattli W. (2011) The New Global Rulers: The Privatization of Regulation in the World Economy, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

27. Cashore B. (2002) Legitimacy and Privatization of Environmental Governance: How Non-State Market-Driven (NSMD) Governance Systems Gain Rule-Making Authority. Governance, vol. 15, no 4, pp. 503–530. DOI: 10.1111/1468-0491.00199

28. Chandler D. (2014) Resilience: The Governance of Complexity, Abingdon: Routledge.

29. Chomsky N. (2012) Occupy, New York: Penguin.

30. Clark I. (2003) Legitimacy in a Global Order. Review of International Studies, vol. 29, no 1, pp. 75–95. DOI: 10.1017/S0260210503005904

31. Clark I. (2005) Legitimacy in International Society, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

32. Clark I. (2007) International Legitimacy and World Society, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

33. Cox R.W. (1983) Gramsci, Hegemony and International Relations: An Essay in Method. Millennium: Journal of International Relations, vol. 12, no 2, pp. 162–175. DOI: 10.1177/03058298830120020701

34. Cox R.W. (1987) Production, Power, and World Order: Social Forces in the Making of History, New York: Columbia University Press.

35. Cudworth E. Hobden S. (2018) The Emancipatory Project of Posthumanism, Abingdon: Routledge.

36. Curtin D., Senden L. (2011) Public Accountability of Transnational Private Regulation: Chimera or Reality? Journal of Law and Society, vol. 38, no 1, pp. 163–188. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-6478.2011.00539.x

37. De Cremer D., Tyler T. (2007) The Effects of Trust and Procedural Fairness on Cooperation. Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 92, pp. 639–649. DOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.92.3.639

38. De Sousa Santos B. (ed.) (2007) Cognitive Justice in a Global World: Prudent Knowledges for a Decent Life, Lexington.

39. Deleuze G., Guattari F. (1991) Percept, Affect, and Concept. What Is Philosophy? (trans. Tomlinson H., Burchell G.), New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 163– 199.

40. Della Porta D., Tarrow S.J. (eds.) (2005) Transnational Protest and Global Activism, Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. Dellmuth L.M. (2016) The Knowledge Gap in World Politics: Assessing the Sources of Citizen Awareness of the United Nations Security Council. Review of International Studies, vol. 42, no 2, pp. 673–700. DOI: 10.1017/S0260210515000467

41. Dellmuth L.M. (2018) Individual Sources of Legitimacy Beliefs: Theory and Data. Legitimacy in Global Governance: Sources, Processes, and Consequences (eds. Tallberg J., Bäckstrand K., Scholte J.A.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 37–55.

42. Dellmuth L.M., Scholte J.A., Tallberg J. (2019) Institutional Sources of Legitimacy for International Organizations: Beyond Procedure versus Performance. Review of International Studies. DOI:10.1017/S26021051900007X

43. Dellmuth L.M., Scholte J.A., Tallberg J., Verhaegen S. (n.d.) The Elite-Citizen Gap in International Organization Legitimacy, unpublished paper.

44. Dellmuth L.M., Tallberg J. (2015) The Social Legitimacy of International Organisations: Interest Representation, Institutional Performance, and Confidence Extrapolation in the United Nations. Review of International Studies, vol. 41, no 3, pp. 451–475. DOI: 10.1017/S0260210514000230

45. Dellmuth L.M., Tallberg J. (2016) Elite Communication and Popular Legitimacy in Global Governance, unpublished paper.

46. Dellmuth L.M., Tallberg J. (2018) Why National and International Legitimacy Beliefs Are Linked: Social Trust as an Antecedent Factor. Review of International Organizations, pp. 1–27. DOI: 10.1007/s11558-018-9339-y

47. Dingwerth K. (2007) The New Transnationalism: Transnational Governance and Democratic Legitimacy, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

48. Dingwerth K., Witt A., Lehmann I., Reichel E., Weise T. (2019) International Organizations under Pressure: Legitimating Global Governance in Challenging Times, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

49. Easton D. (1965) A Systems Analysis of Political Life, New York: John Wiley.

50. Easton D. (1975) A Re-Assessment of the Concept of Political Support. British Journal of Political Science, vol. 5, no 4, pp. 435–457. DOI: 10.1017/S0007123400008309

51. Ebrahim A., Weisband E. (eds.) (2007) Global Accountabilities: Participation, Pluralism, and Public Ethics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

52. Ecker-Ehrhardt M. (2011) Cosmopolitan Politicization: How Perceptions of Interdependence Foster Citizens’ Expectations in International Institutions. European Journal of International Relations, vol. 18, no 3, pp. 481–508. DOI: 10.1177/1354066110391823

53. Ecker-Ehrhardt M. (2016) Why Do Citizens Want the UN to Decide? Cosmopolitan Ideas, Particularism and Global Authority. International Political Science Review, vol. 37, no 1, pp. 99–114. DOI: 10.1177/0192512114540189

54. Ecker-Ehrhardt M., Wessels B. (2013) Input- oder Output-Politisierung internationaler Organisationen? Der kritische Blick der Bürger auf Demokratie und Leistung. Die Politisierung der Weltpolitik (eds. Zürn M., Ecker-Ehrhardt M.), Berlin: Suhrkamp Verlag, pp. 36–60.

55. Edkins J. (2008) Biopolitics, Communication and Global Governance. Review of International Studies, vol. 34, no 1, pp. 211–232. DOI: 10.1017/S0260210508007870

56. Esaiasson P., Persson M., Gilljam M., Lindholm T. (2019) Reconsidering the Role of Procedures for Decision Acceptance. British Journal of Political Science, vol. 49, no 1, pp. 291–314. DOI: 10.1017/S0007123416000508

57. Franck T.M. (1990) The Power of Legitimacy among Nations, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

58. Furia P. (2005) Global Citizenship, Anyone? Cosmopolitanism, Privilege and Public Opinion. Global Society, vol. 19, no 4, pp. 331–359. DOI: 10.1080/13600820500242415

59. Gabel M., Scheve. K. (2007) Estimating the Effect of Elite Communications on Public Opinion Using Instrumental Variables. American Journal of Political Science, vol. 51, no 4, pp. 1013–1028. DOI: 10.1111/j.1540-5907.2007.00294.x

60. Gibson J., Caldeira G.A., Kenyatta Spence L. (2005) Why Do People Accept Public Policies They Oppose? Testing Legitimacy Theory with a Survey-Based Experiment. Political Research Quarterly, vol. 58, no 2, pp. 187–201. DOI: 10.1177/106591290505800201

61. Giddens A. (1984) The Constitution of Society: Outline of the Theory of Structuration, Berkeley: University of California Press.

62. Giddens A. (1985) The Nation-State and Violence, Cambridge: Polity. Gill S. (1992) American Hegemony and the Trilateral Commission, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

63. Gill S. (2008) Power and Resistance in the New World Order, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

64. Gilpin R. (1988) The Theory of Hegemonic War. Journal of Interdisciplinary History, vol. 18, no 4, pp. 591–613. DOI: 10.2307/204816

65. Gleckman H. (2018) Multistakeholder Governance and Democracy. A Global Challenge, Abingdon: Routledge.

66. Gronau J., Schmidtke H. (2016) The Quest for Legitimacy in World Politics: International Institutions’ Legitimation Strategies. Review of International Studies, vol. 42, no 3, pp. 535–557. DOI: 10.1017/S0260210515000492

67. Habermas J. (1973) Legitimation Crisis, London: Heinemann.

68. Hale T., Held, D., Young K. (2013) Gridlock: Why Global Cooperation Is Failing When We Need It Most, Cambridge: Polity Press.

69. Hall T.H., Ross A.A.G. (2015) Affective Politics after 9/11. International Organization, vol. 69, no 4, pp. 847–879. DOI: 10.1017/S0020818315000144

70. Helfer L., Schowalter A.E. (2017) Opposing International Justice: Kenya’s Integrated Backlash Strategy against the ICC. iCourts Working Paper Series, No. 83.

71. Hewstone M. (1986) Understanding Attitudes to the European Community: A Social-Psychological Study in Four Member-States, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

72. Hobolt S.B. (2012) Citizens Satisfaction with Democracy in the European Union. Journal of Common Market Studies, vol. 50, no 1, pp. 88–105. DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-5965.2011.02229.x

73. Hooghe L., Lenz T., Marks G. (2018) Contested World Order: The Delegitimation of International Governance. Review of International Organizations, pp. 1–13. DOI: 10.1007/s11558-018-9334-3

74. Hurd I. (1999) Legitimacy and Authority in International Politics. International Organization, vol. 53, no 2, pp. 379–408. DOI: 10.1162/002081899550913

75. Hurd I. (2007) After Anarchy: Legitimacy and Power in the United Nations Security Council, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

76. Hurrelmann A., Schneider S., Steffek J. (eds.) (2007) Legitimacy in an Age of Globalization, Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan.

77. Hutchison E., Bleiker R. (2014) Theorizing Emotions in World Politics. International Theory, vol. 6, no 3, pp. 491–514. DOI: 10.1017/S1752971914000232

78. Inglehart R. (1970) Cognitive Mobilization and European Identity. Comparative Politics, vol. 3, no 1, pp. 45–70. DOI: 10.2307/421501

79. Johnson T. (2011) Guilt by Association: The Link between States’ Influence and the Legitimacy of Intergovernmental Organizations. Review of International Organizations, vol. 6, no 1, pp. 57–84. DOI: 10.1007/s11558-010-9088-z

80. Keck M.E., Sikkink K. (1998) Activists beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

81. Keohane R.O. (1984) After Hegemony. Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

82. Kindleberger C.P. (1973) The World in Depression 1929–1939, London: Penguin Press.

83. Kirton J.J., Daniels J.P., Freytag A. (eds.) (2001) Guiding Global Order: G8 Governance in the Twenty-First Century, Aldershot: Ashgate.

84. Kritzinger S. (2003) The Influence of the Nation-State on Individual Support for the European Union. European Union Politics, vol. 4, no 2, pp. 219–241. DOI: 10.1177/1465116503004002004

85. Krücken G., Drori G.S. (eds.) (2009) World Society: The Writings of John W. Meyer, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

86. Lake D.A. (2009) Open Economy Politics: A Critical Review. Review of International Organizations, vol. 4, no 3, pp. 219–244. DOI: 10.1007/s11558-009-9060-y

87. Larner W., Walters W. (eds.) (2004) Global Governmentality: Governing International Spaces, Abingdon: Routledge.

88. Lenz T., Viola L.A. (2017) Legitimacy and Institutional Change in International Organisations: A Cognitive Approach. Review of International Studies, vol. 43, no 5, pp. 939–961. DOI: 10.1017/S0260210517000201

89. Lindberg L.N., Scheingold S.A. (1970) Europe’s Would-Be Polity. Patterns of Change in the European Community, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

90. Lipset S.M. (1960) Political Man: The Social Basis of Politics, New York: Doubleday & Company.

91. Loveless M., Rohrschneider R. (2011) Public Perceptions of the EU as a System of Governance. Living Reviews in European Governance, vol. 6, no 2, pp. 1–37. DOI: 10.12942/lreg-2011-2

92. Lukes S. (2005) Power: A Radical View, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

93. Mann M. (1986) The Sources of Social Power, Volume I: A History of Power from the Beginning to AD 1760, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

94. Mansfield E.D., Mutz D. (2009) Support for Free Trade: Self-Interest, Sociotropic Politics, and Out-Group Anxiety. International Organization, vol. 63, no 3, pp. 425–457. DOI: 10.1017/S0020818309090158

95. Meisler S. (2008) Kofi Annan: A Man of Peace in a World of War, Hoboken: Wiley.

96. Merton R.K. (1949) Social Theory and Social Structure, New York: Free Press.

97. Mittelman J.H. (2011) Contesting Global Order: Development, Global Governance, and Globalization, Abingdon: Routledge.

98. Morse J.C., Keohane R.O. (2014) Contested Multilateralism. Review of International Organizations, vol. 9, no 1, pp. 385–412. DOI: 10.1017/S0020818309090158

99. Muñoz J., Torcal M., Bonet E. (2011) Institutional Trust and Multilevel Government in the European Union: Congruence or Compensation? European Union Politics, vol. 12, no 4, pp. 551–574. DOI: 10.1177/1465116511419250

100. Nederveen Pieterse J. (2018) Multipolar Globalizations: Emerging Economies and Development, Abingdon: Routledge. Norris P. (2000) Global Governance & Cosmopolitan Citizens. Governance in a Globalizing World (eds. Nye J.S, Donahue J.D.), Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, pp. 155–177.

101. Norris P. (2009) Confidence in the United Nations: Cosmopolitan and Nationalistic Attitudes. The International System, Democracy, and Values (eds. Esmer Y., Pettersson T.), Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, pp. 17–48.

102. Norris P., Inglehart R. (2019) Cultural Backlash: Trump, Brexit and Authoritarian Populism, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

103. O’Brien R.O., Goetz A.-M., Scholte J.A., Williams M.A. (2000) Contesting Global Governance: Multilateral Economic Institutions and Global Social Movements, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

104. Parsons T. (1960) Structure and Process in Modern Societies, Glencoe, IL: Free Press.

105. Paterson M. (2010) Legitimation and Accumulation in Climate Change Governance. New Political Economy, vol. 15, no 3, pp. 345–368. DOI: 10.1080/13563460903288247

106. Picq M.L., Thiel M. (eds.) (2015) Sexualities in World Politics: How LGBTQ Claims Shape International Relations, Abingdon: Routledge.

107. Postel-Vinay K. (2011) Le G20, laboratoire d’un monde émergent, Paris: Presses de Sciences Po. Raymond M., DeNardis L. (2015) Multistakeholderism: Anatomy of an Inchoate Global Institution. International Theory, vol. 7, no 3, pp. 572–616. DOI: 10.1017/S1752971915000081

108. Reus-Smit C. (2007) International Crises of Legitimacy. International Politics, vol. 44, no 2, pp. 157–174. DOI: 10.1057/palgrave.ip.8800182

109. Robertson R. (1992) Globalization: Social Theory and Global Culture, London: Sage.

110. Robinson W.I. (2011) Giovanni Arrighi: Systemic Cycles of Accumulation, Hegemonic Transitions, and the Rise of China. New Political Economy, vol. 16, no 2, pp. 267–280. DOI: 10.1080/13563467.2010.512657

111. Rosenau J.N., Czempiel E.-O. (eds.) (1992) Governance without Government: Order and Change in World Politics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Runyan A.S., Peterson V.S. (2014) Global Gender Issues in the New Millennium, Boulder: Westview.

112. Rupert M. (1995) Producing Hegemony: The Politics of Mass Production and American Global Power, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

113. Scharpf F.W. (1999) Governing in Europe: Effective and Democratic? Oxford: Oxford University Press.

114. Scheve K.F., Slaughter M.J. (2001) What Determines Individual Trade-Policy Preferences? Journal of International Economics, vol. 54, no 2, pp. 267–292. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-1996(00)00094-5

115. Schlipphak B. (2015) Measuring Attitudes toward Regional Organizations outside Europe. Review of International Organizations, vol. 10, no 3, pp. 351–375. DOI: 10.1007/s11558-014-9205-5

116. Scholte J.A. (2005) Globalization: A Critical Introduction, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

117. Scholte J.A. (2011) Towards Greater Legitimacy in Global Governance. Review of International Political Economy, vol. 18, no 1, pp. 110–120. DOI: 10.1080/09692290.2011.545215

118. Scholte J.A. (2014) Reinventing Global Democracy. European Journal of International Relations, vol. 20, no 1, pp. 3–28. DOI: 10.1177/1354066111436237

119. Scholte J.A. (ed.) (2015) Global Cooperation through Cultural Diversity: Remaking Democracy? Duisburg: Centre for Global Cooperation Research (Global Dialogues 8).

120. Scholte J.A. (2018) Social Structure and Global Governance Legitimacy. Legitimacy in Global Governance: Sources, Processes, and Consequences (eds. Tallberg J., Bäckstrand K., Scholte J.A.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 75–97.

121. Scholte J.A., Fioramonti L., Nhema A.G. (eds.) (2016) New Rules for Global Justice: Structural Redistribution in the Global Economy, London: Rowman & Littlefield International.

122. Scholte J.A., Tallberg J. (2018) Theorizing the Institutional Sources of Global Governance Legitimacy. Legitimacy in Global Governance: Sources, Processes, and Consequences (eds. Tallberg J., Bäckstrand K., Scholte J.A.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 56–74.

123. Scholte J.A. (forthcoming) Post-Liberal Global Democracy: New Methodology for New Praxis. Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences. DOI: 10.1007/s40647-019-00265-3

124. Schuck A.R.T., De Vreese C.H. (2006) Between Risk and Opportunity: News Framing and Its Effects on Public Support for EU Enlargement. European Journal of Communication, vol. 21, no 1, pp. 5–32. DOI: 10.1177/0267323106060987

125. Schulmeister P. (ed.) Democracy on the Move: European Elections – One Year To Go, Brussels: European Union.

126. Scott R. (1991) Unpacking Institutional Arguments. The New Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis (eds. Powell W.W., DiMaggio P.), Chicago, IL: Chicago University Press, pp. 164–182.

127. Shiva V. (2005) Earth Democracy, Boston, MA: South End.

128. Sklair L. (2001) The Transnational Capitalist Class, Oxford: Blackwell.

129. Slaughter S. (2015) The G20’s Role in Legitimating Global Capitalism: Beyond Crisis Diplomacy? Contemporary Politics, vol. 21, no 4, pp. 384–398. DOI: 10.1080/13569775.2015.1013292

130. Smeltz D., Daalder I., Friedhoff K., Kafura C., Wojtowicz L. (2018) America Engaged: American Public Opinion and US Foreign Policy, Chicago: Chicago Council on Global Affairs. Smith J., Karides M., Becker M., Brunelle D., Chase-Dunn Ch., Della Porta D. (2014) Global Democracy and the World Social Forums, Abingdon: Routledge.

131. Sommerer T., Agné H. (2018) Consequences of Legitimacy in Global Governance. Legitimacy in Global Governance: Sources, Processes, and Consequences (eds. Tallberg J., Bäckstrand K., Scholte J.A.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 153–168.

132. Suchman M.C. (1995) Managing Legitimacy: Strategic and Institutional Approaches. Academy of Management Review, vol. 20, no 3, pp. 571–610. DOI: 10.5465/amr.1995.9508080331

133. Symons J. (2011) The Legitimation of International Organisations: Examining the Identity of the Communities that Grant Legitimacy. Review of International Studies, vol. 37, no 5, pp. 2557–2583. DOI: 10.1017/S026021051000166X

134. Tallberg J., Bäckstrand K., Scholte J.A. (eds.) (2018) Legitimacy in Global Governance: Sources, Processes, and Consequences, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

135. Tallberg J., Sommerer, T., Squarito T., Lundgren M. (2016) The Performance of International Organizations: An Output-Based Approach. Journal of European Public Policy, vol. 23, no 7, pp. 1077–1096. DOI: 10.1080/13501763.2016.1162834

136. Tallberg J., Zürn M. (2019) The Legitimacy and Legitimation of International Organizations: Introduction and Framework. Review of International Organizations, pp. 1–26. DOI: 10.1007/s11558-018-9330-7

137. Tomkins S.S. (2008) Affect Imagery Consciousness: The Complete Edition, New York: Springer.

138. Torgler B. (2008) Trust in International Organizations: An Empirical Investigation Focusing on the United Nations. Review of International Organizations, vol. 3, no 1, pp. 65–93. DOI: 10.1007/s11558-007-9022-1

139. Tyler T.R. (1990) Why People Obey the Law: Procedural Justice, Legitimacy, and Compliance, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

140. Tyler T.R. (2006) Psychological Perspectives on Legitimacy and Legitimation. Annual Review of Psychology, vol. 57, pp. 375–400. DOI: 10.1146/annurev. psych.57.102904.190038

141. Van Leeuwen T. (2008) Discourse and Practice: New Tools for Critical Discourse Analysis, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Verhaegen S., Tallberg J., Scholte J.A. (n.d.) Explaining Elite Perceptions of Legitimacy in Global Governance, unpublished paper.

142. Voeten E. (2013) Public Opinion and the Legitimacy of International Courts. Theoretical Inquiries in Law, vol. 14, no 2, pp. 411–436. DOI: 10.1515/til-2013-021

143. Wang F.-L. (2017) The China Order: Centralia, World Empire, and the Nature of Chinese Power, Albany: SUNY Press.

144. Weber M. (1922) Economy and Society, Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Weiss T.G., Wilkinson R. (eds.) (2018) International Organization and Global Governance, Abingdon: Routledge.

145. Williams M.C. (2003) Words, Images, Enemies, Securitization and International Politics. International Studies Quarterly, vol. 47, no 4, pp. 511–531. DOI: 10.1046/j.0020-8833.2003.00277.x

146. Worth O. (2015) Rethinking Hegemony, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

147. Zakaria F. (2011) The Post-American World, New York: Norton.

148. Zaum D. (ed.) (2013) Legitimating International Organizations, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

149. Zürn M. (2018) A Theory of Global Governance, Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Для цитирования:


Схолте Я.А. Источники легитимности в глобальном управлении. Контуры глобальных трансформаций: политика, экономика, право. 2019;12(3):47-76. https://doi.org/10.23932/2542-0240-2019-12-3-47-76

For citation:


Scholte J.A. Sources of Legitimacy in Global Governance. Outlines of global transformations: politics, economics, law. 2019;12(3):47-76. https://doi.org/10.23932/2542-0240-2019-12-3-47-76

Просмотров: 157


Creative Commons License
Контент доступен под лицензией Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


ISSN 2542-0240 (Print)
ISSN 2587-9324 (Online)