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Контуры глобальных трансформаций: политика, экономика, право

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Происхождение нового международного (бес)порядка

https://doi.org/10.23932/2542-0240-2019-12-3-94-108

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Аннотация

Старый международный порядок, созданный под эгидой американской гегемонии после Второй мировой войны, похоже, распадается. Отчасти это является следствием перераспределения материальных сил в международной системе, но также связано и со стремлением других держав, в особенности Китая, играть более значимую роль. Отчасти в этом повинны действия администрации Д. Трампа, провозгласившей принцип «America First». Следовательно, неотложные проблемы, такие как борьба с изменением климата, которые, как представляется, требуют международного сотрудничества, вероятно, будут усугубляться и станут еще более трудными для решения. В данной статье подробно описывается и анализируется набор структурных элементов, которые в совокупности сформировали современный международный порядок, но которые испытывают возрастающее напряжение. Некоторые из этих факторов, такие как относительный упадок США, «подъем остальных», сохранение авторитаризма, являются знакомыми чертами долгосрочных исторических изменений. Как представляется автору, значимыми в наше время их делает скрытый в них потенциал сопротивления столь необходимому международному сотрудничеству, необходимому для решительного преодоления коллективных проблем. Новый международный беспорядок несет в себе риск приостановки действия любого порядка как такового – или по крайней мере того порядка, в котором можно было бы жить.

Об авторе

М. Бисон
University of Western Australia
Австралия

профессор, International Politics in the School of Social Science

WA 6009, 35, Stirling Highway, Перт, Австралия



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Для цитирования:


Бисон М. Происхождение нового международного (бес)порядка. Контуры глобальных трансформаций: политика, экономика, право. 2019;12(3):94-108. https://doi.org/10.23932/2542-0240-2019-12-3-94-108

For citation:


Beeson M. Origins of the New International (Dis)order. Outlines of global transformations: politics, economics, law. 2019;12(3):94-108. https://doi.org/10.23932/2542-0240-2019-12-3-94-108

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