Preview

Контуры глобальных трансформаций: политика, экономика, право

Расширенный поиск

Пандемия коронавируса и глобальные преобразования: создание или нарушение международных порядков?

https://doi.org/10.23932/2542-0240-2020-13-5-2

Полный текст:

Аннотация

В XXI столетии в период, предшествовавший пандемии коронавируса, все чаще звучали утверждения, что глобальный порядок с постепенно угасавшей однополярной гегемонией Соединенных Штатов, который сложился после окончания холодной войны и в результате распада Советского Союза, якобы ослабевал и трансформировался. Глобальный порядок из однополярного преобразовывался в многополярный. Естественно, США не собирались оставлять эту трансформацию без внимания и стремились сохранить свое привилегированное положение на международной арене. Вспышка коронавируса стала подтверждением теории «черного лебедя». Различные международные субъекты воспользовались теми возможностями, что открылись перед ними в связи с начавшейся эпидемией. США во время пандемии действовали агрессивно, пытаясь ослабить противников и повлиять на друзей, дабы обратить вспять фундаментальные социально-политические трансформации и сохранить свою глобальную гегемонию.

Об авторе

Г. Саймонс
University of Canterbury; Uppsala University, IRES; Дипломатическая академия МИД России; Uppsala University (Sweden); Turiba University (Latvia); Уральский федеральный университет (Российская Федерация)
Россия

кандидат наук; доцент политических наук; ассоциированный исследователь; исследователь

Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8140, Canterbury, New Zealand

Box 514, SE-751 20, Uppsala, Sweden

119021, ул. Остоженка, д. 53/2, стр. 1, Москва, Российская Федерация



Список литературы

1. Allan J. et al. (2020) How the World Will Look after the Coronavirus Pandemic. Foreign Policy, March 20, 2020. Available at: https://foreignpolicy.com/2020/03/20/world-order-after-coroanvirus-pandemic/, дата обращения 15.10.2020.

2. Bearman M., Smith C.D., Carbone A., Slade S., Baik C., Hughes-Warrington M., Neumann D.L. (2012) Systematic Review Methodology in Higher Education. Higher Education Research & Development, vol. 31, no 5, pp. 625–640. DOI: 10.1080/07294360.2012.702735

3. Biscop S. (1) (2020) Coronavirus and Power: The Impact upon International Politics, Security Policy Brief 126, Brussels: Egmont Royal Institute for International Relations.

4. Biscop S. (2) (2020) Weaker Together or Weaker Apart? Great Power Relations after the Coronavirus. Asia Europe Journal, 18, pp. 231–234. DOI: 10.1007/s10308-020-00582-3

5. Blackwell R.D., Wright T. (2020) The End of World Order and American Foreign Policy, Council Special Report. No 86, New York: Council on Foreign Relations.

6. Boréus K., Bergström G. (2017) Analysing Text and Discourse: Eight Approaches for the Social Sciences, Thousand Oaks (CA): Sage Publishing

7. Borrell J. (2020) The Post-Coronavirus World is Already Here. Politique Etrangere, no 2, pp. 9–23.

8. Bremmer I. (2020) Coronavirus and the World Order. Horizons: Journal of International Relations and Sustainable Development, no 16, Pandemics & Geopolitics: The Quickening, pp. 14–23.

9. Brzechczyn K. (2020) The Coronavirus in Liberal and Illiberal Democracies and the Future of the Globalised World. Society Register, vol. 4, no 2, pp. 83–94. DOI: 10.14746/sr.2020.4.2.06

10. Campbell K.M., Doshi R. (2020) The Coronavirus Could Reshape Global Order: China is Manoeuvring for International Leadership as the United States Falters. Foreign Affairs, March 18, 2020. Available at: https://www.foreignaffairs.com/node/1125706, дата обращения 15.10.2020.

11. Chebankova E. (2017) Russia’s Idea of the Multipolar World Order: Origins and Main Dimensions. Post-Soviet Affairs, vol. 33, no 3, pp. 217–234. DOI: 10.1080/1060586X.2017.1293394

12. Cherkaoui M. (2020) The Shifting Geopolitics of Coronavirus and the Demise of Neoliberalism (Part 2). Al Jazeera, March 22, 2020. Available at: https://studies.aljazeera.net/en/reports/shifting-geopolitics-coronavirus-and-demise-neoliberalism-%E2%80%93-part-2, дата обращения 15.10.2020.

13. Cole J. (2020) Missed Opportunities: The Trump Administration, Iran, and the Coronavirus Pandemic. Gulf Insights Series. No 31, College of Arts and Sciences, Qatar University. Available at: http://www.qu.edu.qa/static_file/qu/research/Gulf%20Studies/documents/Gulf%20Insights%2031.pdf, дата обращения 15.10.2020.

14. Cooley A., Nexon D. (2020) Exit from Hegemony: The Unravelling of the American Global Order, New York: Oxford University Press.

15. Cooper A.F., Flemes D. (2013) Foreign Policy Strategies of Emerging Powers in a Multipolar World: An Introductory Review. Third World Quarterly, vol. 34, no 6, pp. 943–962. DOI: 10.1080/01436597.2013.802501

16. Dobrescu P., Ciocea M. (2020) This Time Is Different. The Globalisation of Uncertainty. Romania Journal of Communication and Public Relations, vol. 22, no 1(49), pp. 129–136. Available at: https://www.ceeol.com/search/article-detail?id=857282, дата обращения 15.10.2020.

17. Entman R.M. (2004) Projections of Power: Framing News, Public Opinion, and U.S. Foreign Policy, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

18. Farias H.C. (2020) Geopolitics and National Defence Capabilities: A Look at the Emerging Scenario in Pandemic Times. Observatório Militar da Praia Vermelha, April 8, 2020. Available at: http://ompv.eceme.eb.mil.br/seguranca-publica-e-crime-organizado-internacional/100-areas-tematicas/geopolitica-e-defesa/a-pandemia-e-a-ordem-mundial-sob-a-perspectiva-da-defesa/240-geopolitics-and-national-defensecapabilities-a-look-at-the-emerging-scenario-in-pandemic-times, дата обращения 15.10.2020.

19. Femes D. (2013) Network Powers: Strategies of Change in the Multipolar System. Third World Quarterly, vol. 34, no 6, pp. 1016–1036. DOI: 10.1080/01436597.2013.802504

20. Figus A. (2020) Coronavirus COVID-19, a Complex Issue between Health, Economy, Politics, and Communication. Geopolitical, Social Security and Freedom Journal, vol. 3, no 1, pp. 1–13. DOI: 0.2478/gssfj-2020-0001

21. Fishman J. (2020) “This is Different” – The Coronavirus Pandemic as a “Transforming Event”. Israel Journal of Foreign Affairs, vol. 14, no 1, pp. 3–7. DOI: 10.1080/23739770.2020.1763028

22. Friedman G. (2020) The Corona Virus and Geopolitical Impact. Horizons: Journal of International Relations and Sustainable Development, no 16, Pandemics & Geopolitics: The Quickening, pp. 24–29.

23. Gough D. (2007) Weight of Evidence: A Framework for the Appraisal of the Quality and Relevance of Evidence. Research Papers in Education, vol. 22, no 2, pp. 213–228. DOI: 10.1080/02671520701296189

24. Grinin L., Korotayev A. (2020) COVID-19 Pandemic, Geopolitics, and Recession. WP 4, Moscow: International Centre for Education and Social and Humanitarian Studies.

25. Heisbourg F. (2020) From Wuhan to the World: How the Pandemic Will Reshape Geopolitics. Survival, vol. 62, no 3, pp. 7–24. DOI: 10.1080/00396338.2020.1763608

26. Hughes G. (2020) War in the Grey Zone: Historical Reflections and Contemporary Implications. Survival, vol. 62, no 3, pp. 131–158. DOI: 10.1080/00396338.2020.1763618

27. Hyett N., Kenny A., Dickson-Swift V. (2014) Methodology or Method? A Critical Review of Qualitative Case Study Reports. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being, vol. 9, no 1. DOI: 10.3402/qhw.v9.23606

28. Ikenberry G.J., Nexon D.H. (2019) Hegemony Studies 3.0: The Dynamics of Hegemonic Orders. Security Studies, vol. 28, no 3, pp. 395–421. DOI: 10.1080/09636412.2019.1604981

29. Kalantzakos S. (2020) The Race for Critical Minerals in an Era of Geopolitical Realignments. The International Spectator: Italian Journal of International Affairs, vol. 55, no 3, pp. 1–16. DOI: 10.1080/03932729.2020.1786926

30. Koenig N., Stahl A. (2020) How the Coronavirus Pandemic Affects the EU’s Geopolitical Agenda, Policy Paper, Berlin: Hertie School Jaques Delors Centre. Lukyanov F. (2010) Russia’s Dilemmas in a Multipolar World. Journal of International Affairs, vol. 63, no 2, pp. 19–32. Available at: https://publications.hse.ru/mirror/pubs/share/folder/w84bhrdbyj/direct/159705545.pdf, дата обращения 15.10.2020.

31. Mandelbaum M. (2020) China’s Challenge: The Geopolitics of the Coronavirus. The American Interest, March 24, 2020. Available at: https://www.the-american-interest.com/2020/03/24/the-geopolitics-of-the-coronavirus/, дата обращения 15.10.2020.

32. Mayilvaganan M. (ed.) (2020) COVID-19 Pandemic in the Indo-Pacific: How the Countries are Dealing Amidst Changing Geopolitics, Bangalore (India): National Institute for Advanced Studies.

33. Morillas P. (2020) Coronavirus: Between the Global and the National. CIDOB Opinion. No 615. Available at: https://www.cidob.org/en/publications/publication_series/opinion/seguridad_y_politica_mundial/coronavirus_between_the_global_and_the_national, дата обращения 15.10.2020.

34. Mukherjee R. (2020) Chaos as Opportunity: The United States and World Order in India’s Grand Strategy. Contemporary Politics, vol. 26, no 4, pp. 420–438. DOI: 10.1080/13569775.2020.1777040

35. Mullins S., Spence S.A. (2003) Re-Examining Thought Insertion: Semi-Structured Literature Review and Conceptual Analysis. British Journal of Psychiatry, no 182, pp. 293–298. DOI: 10.1192/bjp.182.4.293

36. Pawar A.V., Spence S.A. (2003) Defining Thought Broadcast: Semi-Structured Literature Review. British Journal of Psychiatry, no 183, pp. 287–291. DOI: 10.1192/bjp.183.4.287

37. Petito F. (2016) Dialogue of Civilisations in a Multipolar World: Toward a Multicivilisational-Multiplex World Order. International Studies Review, no 18, pp. 78–91. DOI: 10.1093/isr/viv030

38. Reinhart C., Reinhart V. (2020) The Pandemic Depression: The Global Economy Will Never be the Same. Foreign Affairs, November/December 2020. Available at: https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/united-states/2020-08-06/coronavirus-depression-global-economy, дата обращения 15.10.2020.

39. Schweller R. (2011) Emerging Powers in an Age of Disorder. Global Governance, no 17, pp. 285–297. DOI: 10.1163/19426720-01703002

40. Scocozza C. (2020) Coronavirus Geopolitics. A Reflection on the Russian Case. Culture e Studi del Sociale, vol. 5, no 1, pp. 389–393. Available at: http://www.cussoc.it/index.php/journal/article/view/126, дата обращения 15.10.2020.

41. Sevilla Jr. H.A. (2020) Middle East Geopolitics and China-India Strategic Interaction in the New Era. The International Spectator: Italian Journal of International Affairs, vol. 14, no 2, pp. 179–193. DOI: 10.1080/25765949.2020.1760541

42. Simon S. (2020) Subtle Connections: Pandemic and the Authoritarian Impulse. Survival, vol. 62, no 3, pp. 103–111. DOI: 10.1080/00396338.2020.1763615

43. Simons G., Kukartseva M.A. (2019) New Cold War and the Crisis of the Liberal Global Order. Outlines of Global Transformations: Politics, Economics, Law, vol. 12, no 3, pp. 77–93. DOI: 10.23932/2542-0240-2019-12-3-77-93

44. Snyder H. (2019) Literature Review as a Research Methodology: An Overview and Guidelines. Journal of Business Research, no 104, pp. 333–339. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2019.07.039

45. Von Hlatky S., Hollander H., Massie J., Munier M., Skinner S. (2020) The Geopolitical Impact of COVID-19, Policy Brief 1, Network for Strategic Analysis.

46. Zhao S. (2020) Rhetoric and Reality of China’s Global Leadership in the Context of COVID-19: Implications for the USled World Order and Liberal Globalisation. Journal of Contemporary China. DOI: 10.1080/10670564.2020.1790900


Для цитирования:


Саймонс Г. Пандемия коронавируса и глобальные преобразования: создание или нарушение международных порядков? Контуры глобальных трансформаций: политика, экономика, право. 2020;13(5):20–37. https://doi.org/10.23932/2542-0240-2020-13-5-2

For citation:


Simons G. The Corona Virus Pandemic and Global Transformations: Making or Breaking International Orders? Outlines of global transformations: politics, economics, law. 2020;13(5):20–37. https://doi.org/10.23932/2542-0240-2020-13-5-2

Просмотров: 332


Creative Commons License
Контент доступен под лицензией Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


ISSN 2542-0240 (Print)
ISSN 2587-9324 (Online)