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Контуры глобальных трансформаций: политика, экономика, право

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China in Africa: A Case of Neo-Colonialism or a Win-Win Strategy?

https://doi.org/10.23932/2542-0240-2018-11-5-119-141

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Аннотация

The article deals with China’s policy in Africa in the last decade. As the analysis shows, China has been steadily increasing its presence in Africa, not only in the countries rich in natural resources – though it is resources, especially oil, that remain of particular importance for the Chinese economy – but also in countries poor on natural resources and bearing little strategic value. The author examines unique features of China’s diplomatic practices on the continent, as well as explores China-Africa trade relations and Beijing’s activities as a donor and investor in Africa. Special attention is given to the Belt and Road Initiative, which plays a significant part in China’s foreign strategy, as well as to the role of African countries located on the crossroads between land and maritime Silk Roads. The Chinese strategy involves massive infrastructure projects, including the construction of railways and highways, upgrades of aviation communications, new energy projects, industrial parks, as well as the construction of seaports in coastal countries. The increase in Beijing’s investment flow to the African economies and the expansion of its spheres of influence on the continent are extensively examined by politicians, scientists and the media. On one hand, Beijing is often credited for the rapid economic growth of African countries, with some now experiencing world’s fastest rates of growth. On the other hand, some accuse Beijing of “neo-colonialism”, claiming that China is guided only by its own interests, which are radically different from African interests, that it violates human rights and disregards environmental regulations in its desire to grab as much natural resources as possible. The author argues that an objective analysis of the various aspects of Beijing’s activities in Africa in the last decade, as well as an examination of the way these activities are seen by Africans themselves, may shed some light on the nature of China’s intentions in Africa.

Об авторе

T. L. Deych
Institute for African Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Россия

Tat’yana L. DEYCH, DSc in History, Leading Researcher of Centre for the Study of the Russian-African Relations and African States’ Foreign Policy

30/1, Spiridonovka St., Moscow, 123001, Russian Federation



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Для цитирования:


Deych T.L. China in Africa: A Case of Neo-Colonialism or a Win-Win Strategy? Контуры глобальных трансформаций: политика, экономика, право. 2019;:63-82. https://doi.org/10.23932/2542-0240-2018-11-5-119-141

For citation:


Deych T.L. China in Africa: A Case of Neo-Colonialism or a Win-Win Strategy? Outlines of global transformations: politics, economics, law. 2019;:63-82. https://doi.org/10.23932/2542-0240-2018-11-5-119-141

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ISSN 2542-0240 (Print)
ISSN 2587-9324 (Online)